KNOW YOUR TIRTHANKAR
Rushabhdev Bhagwan was the 1st Tirthankar of this Avsarpinikaal. He was son of King Nabhi and Marudeva Mata and was born at Ayodhya.
His symbol is ox and it symbolizes farming. He introduced the technique of farming.
Rushabhdev Bhagwan had 84 Gandhar and his place of Nirvaan is Mount Ashtapada.
Rushabhdev Bhagwan in his first sermon said that human being should avoid pramad (laziness).
He gave an example that like when the deserts are too hot in day time, people instead of sleeping in night , cross the desert in night as its cool. Similarly too much sleeping (nidra) is also pramad and one should avoid it.
To get eternal peace and blissfulness one should do less pramad and spend more time in Dharma Aradhana.
Ajitnath Bhagwan was the second tirthankar of this Avsarpinikaal. Ajitnath Bhagwan
was born to King Jitashatru and Queen Vijaya at Ayodhya. His place of Nirvaan is
Sammetshikhar. His symbol is elephant. The counting of Bhav (births) starts after
gaining Samyak Darshan. Ajithnath took 3 bhavs to attain liberation. The bhav in
which he attained Samayak Darshan is described below. There was a king named Vimalvahan
Once an acharya named Aridhman arrived in the town. King visits the acharaya and
asks him a question. He asks,”What inspired you to take Diksa?” Acharaya narrates
an incident about his life where he saw a garden full of flowers trees and life.
The garden was full of flora and beauty. It was so beautiful the one could sit for
hours in that garden. After a few days when the Acharaya again passed from that
place, he saw that the garden was destroyed and nothing was left in it. He realized
that our body is also the same and nothing will remain. Continuous life and death
will give no benefit and so to stop this cycle, diksha is the only way out. King
Vimalvahan attained Samyak Darshan after hearing this from Acharaya and later goes
on to become our 2nd Tirthankar as Bhagwan Ajitnath.
He had 94 Gandhar and his topic of first sermon was Dharma Dhyan. He preaches about
the importance of Dharma Dhyan and there are four ways by which it can be done.
Namely, Agya-vichay, Apay-vichay, Vipak-vichay, Sansthan-Vichay.
Sambhavnath Bhagwan is the 3rd Tirthankar of the Avsarpani Kal. He was born to father
King Jitari and mother Sena Devi. He was born in Shravasti Nagri. His symbol is
Horse and had 102 gandhars. Sambhavnath Bhagwan attained nirvana at Samet Shikhar.
Bhagwan took 3 bhavs to attain nirvana after Samiyak Darshan.
Bhagwan Sambhavnath was a king of Kshempuri. His name was Vipul Vahan. He was one
of the finest kings and was full of mercy and karuna. The Nagari experienced draught and there were extreme situations where everyone faced a lot of difficulties. Lack of rainfall created scarcity of crops.
Normal public could survive by eating all kinds of vegetables including underground vegetables but the question was about the sadhus and the sadhvis. King Vipul Vahan decided to make food for all the sadhus, sadhvis, shravak, and shravika from his own stock in order to save them from this tragedy. And by this act he attained Samyak Darshan.
After Keval Gyan, the topic of his first sermon was anitya bhavna. If we follow the theory of Anitya Bhavna we can save ourselves from Ashubh dhyan (Aarth Dhyan).
Abhinandan Bhagwan was the fourth Tirthankar of the Avsarpani Kaal. He was born in Ayodhya Nagri to King Samvar and mother Siddhartha.
His symbol was monkey. His name was kept Abhinandan becasue as soon as he was born there was happiness all over the kingdom.
People got extremely happy and overjoyed. He had 116 Gandhars. He attained Nirvana at Samet Shikhar. After samyak darshan he took 3 bhavs to attain nirvana.
There was king named Mahabal in Ratnasanchaya Nagri. He was full of qualities and was not attached either with his kingdom or with wealth and money.
He was calm, polite, down to earth and humble. Once a sadhu arrived at the nagri and he was so impressed that he took Diksha under him. Being a man of qualities he would never get angry on someone who would criticise him or be overwhelmed if someone would praise him. He would always stay neutral and control his senses.
He would do a lot of penance. By the way of penance and true faith in Jainism he attained Samyak Darshan.
The topic of his first Sermon was Asharan Bhavna.
Sumatinath Bhagwan was the fifth tirthankar of this Avsarpinikaal. Sumatinath Bhagwan was born to King Megh and Queen Sumangla at Ayodhya. His place of Nirvaan is Sammetshikhar. His symbol is Goose. The counting of Bhav (births) starts after gaining Samyak Darshan.
Sumatinath Bhagwan took 3 bhavs to attain liberation.
Once upon a time a trader went to earn money with his two wives. While returning the trader died in an accident,leaving his only son has heir. The son was bought up by both the wives of the trader.
As time passed the other wife who had no child started feeling insecured for her future as the son was the only heir and eventually she wouldn’t get any of her husband’s wealth. As a result of this, she started claiming that the child belonged to her and she was the real mother.
This fight took them to King Meghrath. For the King and his courtiers, it was next to impossible to decide who the real mother was. After a lot of discussion the court astrologer came to a conclusion and said that Queen Sumangala was going to give birth to a Tirthhankar and would be possible for the Tirthankar to decide who the real mother was due to Avdhik Gyan.
After listening to this the real mother immediately reacted and requested for a faster judgment as she wasn’t ready to keep her child with the other wife even for a moment. As soon as she said this, Queen Sumangala who was in the court, suddenly realized the importance of what the real mother was saying and also noticed that the other wife was silent.
She immediately told King Megrath and justice was done to the real mother. This was only possible due to her child who had a soul of a Tirthankar and that is why he was named Sumatinath Bhagwan because Sumati means intelligence.
He had 100 Gandhar and his topic of first sermon was Ekatva Bhavna. He preaches about the importance of Ekatva Bhavna which means that each human being comes alone and goes alone and as such also each one has to pay for his own deeds alone. Even a person does any misdeed for his earnings and the benefits are enjoyed by all members of family but he has to alone suffer for this misdeed.
Padmaprabhu Swami is the 6th Tirthankar of this Avsarpani Kaal. He was the son of
King Shridhar and queen Shushima. He was born in the town of Kaushambi. He was named
Padmaprabhu because in the initial stages her mother always wanted to sleep on a
lotus. He had 107 gandhars and took 3 bhavs after Samiyak Darshan to attain Moksh.
The topic of his first sermon was Sansar Bhavna. He compared sansar with ocean and
explained that the way the amount of water in an ocean is unaccountable, the same
way, the number of times we take birth and death is also unaccountable. He also
said that our soul keeps on changing its body according to its deeds and in this
process it has to bear lot of pain and hardship. Sometime a soul may take birth
as a king, and sometimes it takes birth in an animal. It all depends on what kind
of karma we do and how we live our life. He also said that a soul has to suffer
everywhere, no matter where it is. Even Dev Gati is not free from unhappiness. Hence,
by explaining the weirdness of Sansar, where we are in constant cycle of birth and
death, Bhagwan showed the path of Diksha and preached the importance of Diksha in
achieving our ultimate goal of Moksh.
Suparshwanath Bhagwan is the 7th Tirthankar of this Avsarpani Kal. He was the son
of King Pratisthit and Queen Prithvi. He was born in Varanasi. He attained Nirvana
in Samet Shikhar. He had 95 Gandhars and he took 3 Bhavs after Samyak Darshan to
attain Moksh. The topic of his first sermon was Anyatva Bhavna which means that
our soul and all the other things present in the world are different. Our soul is
one different entitiy and it should not be connected to anything in the world. Our
body is temporary but our soul is permanent. The demands of both soul and body are
contradicting in nature, like for example, our body needs food, but our soul doesn’t.
It is important for us to understand the needs of our soul because only that can
take us to Moksh. For us as humans, it is difficult to think from the view point
of our soul because for us our body is everything. The reason behind this difficulty
is Mohniya Karma. It is the king of all the Karmas and it is very difficult to defeat
it but it is not impossible. According to Anyatva Bhavna the person who strongly
believes in this,will never get unhappy in his life, because he knows the fact that
whatever is happening is happening to all the worldly things and none of them are
connected to his/her soul.
Chandraprabhu Swami is the 8th tirthankar of the Avsarpani kal. He was born to King
Mahasen and Mata Lakshmana in Chandrapuri Nagri. He had 93 gandhars and he attained
Nirvana at Samet Shikhar. He took 3 bhavs to attain moksh after Samyak Darshan.
His topic of first sermon was Ashuchi Bhavna. Asuchi means something that is not
clean or something which is not pure. Bhagwan has referred our body as Ashuchi and
tries to explain us that no matter what we apply on our body it will always remain
dirty. Now if we think carefully, our body contains many kinds of waste and no matter
how much we clean it, it will never get clean or pure. We waste a lot of time in
cleaning our body. We should concentrate on purifying and cleaning our soul by doing
religious practices and following the path of Jainism.
Suvidhinath Swami is the 9th tirthankar of the Avsarpanikal. He was born to King Sugreev and Queen Rama in Kakandi Nagri. He had 88 gandhars and he attained nirvana at Samet Shikhar. He took 3 bhavs to attain moksh after Samyak Darshan. His topic of first sermon was Ashrav Bhavna. Bhavna mean thought process of human beings.
It is not the action but the intention behind the action that results in the accumulation of the Karma. For pure thoughts and to drive out the evil ones, Jainism recommends different Bhavnas or thoughts. Term Ashrav means coming of karmas. Yog of mann(thought), vachan( speech) and kaya(action) causes the influx of karmas.
This is called Ashrav.
While doing the chintan of Ashrav bhavna one should think of 42 ways through which karma comes that is –
1) The inflow of karma is caused by the 3 fold action of body, speech and mind.
2) 5 senses- having feeling of attraction (raag and dwesh) towards anything experienced by 5 senses leads to inflow of karma.
3) 4 kashaya- krodh(anger), mann(thoughts), maya and lobh(greed) leads to inflow of karmas.
4) 25 kriyas (actions)- 25 types of different kriyas that we do in our daily life also leads to inflow of karma.
5) 5 vows.
So we should we aware of these 42 reasons of Ashrav in detail and should try to avoid these reasons of inflow of karma to maximum possible extent.
Sheetalnath Bhagwan is the 10th Tirthankar of the Avsarpani kaal. He was born to
King Dradharath and Queen Nanda Devi in the city of Bhadilpur. He attained nirvana
at Samet Shikhar and had 81 Gandhars. He took 3 bhavs after Samyak Darshan to attain
Moksh. The topic of his first sermon was Samvar Bhavna.
The word samvar means the stoppage of influx of karma. In this Bhavna one thinks
about stopping evil thoughts and becomes absorbed in achieving spiritual knowledge.
There are 57 ways by which we can stop or prevent coming of karmas which are as
5 types of Samity
3 types of Gupti
22 types of Parishah
10 types of Yati dharma
12 types of Bhavna, and
5 types of Charitra.
One must contemplate on samity, gupti, yati dharma etc. We must carry out these
types of activities and try to reduce or stop new bondage of karma. Now let us take
for example a boat, it is obvious that if the boat has a hole, water will slowly
creep in and eventually the boat will sink. The only way the boat can be saved is
to block the hole. The same way there are many ways from where karmas can creep
into our life and spoil it. We have to block these ways and save our soul.