Jains around the world celebrate Paryushana and Das Laxana
Parva every year. The span of the period is during August – September, during
which time there is heavy monsoon. The monks would like to stay one place to
avoid hurting small insects during rainy season. They give Pravachanas to
strengthen the belief, propagate knowledge and help purify conduct of the
listeners. Eight days of Paryushana starts on 12th day of Shukla
Bhadrapad and ends on 4th day of Krishna
phase of Bhadrapad (and some times on panchami of Bhadrapad when
Chaturthi and Panchami combines)
During Paryushana Kalpa Sutra is read in the morning. Kalpa
Sutra is one of the oldest scriptures describing the life of Bhagwan Mahaveer
Swami. It depicts the coming of in human life (Garbh), birth, and life of
Bhagwaan. The scripture also tells about Lord Parshvanath, Neminath,
Rishabnath, and all other Thirthanakars. The story of past life of Lord
Mahaveer is read with great respect. In the evening Samayik and Pratikraman is
done and monks/scholars give Pravachanas to the audience. Fasting is done as
much as possible including children. Usually on Sunday Bhagwan's Janma Divas is
celebrated with great vigor. Eighth day Samvatsari Pratikraman is done to ask
forgiveness from all living beings in the universe. The Pratikraman has
recitation of Navkaar Mantra (vanadan of Arihants, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyaya,
and Saints) and Logassa (Vanadan of 24 Tirthanakaras) done repeatedly. Navkaar
Mantra is called Beej Mantra of all fourteen
Purvas. It brings highest quality to a person because bowing down to highest
level without any bias or name. Logassa, Navkaar recital, and repentance,
also called Chaturvishtistva, Vanadan, and Pratikraman respectively are
part of six necessary and required conduct of Jains. Recitation
of 160 Navkaar Mantra or 40 Logassa is done by all, sitting in Samvatsari
Pratikraman. Next day Parna is done by all who have been fasting. At
the end of Paryushana everyone feels more purified due to fasting, keeping vows
and listening to scriptures.
During Das Laxan Parva lasting for ten days starting
on Bhadrapad Panchami (usually next day or same day of end of Paryushana),
people do fasting, listening to Pravachanas each day for one Dharma, and do
Samayik. It is said that on this Panchami
the cycle of Utsarpani starts ending the Avsarpani period which in the end
persisted for 49 days of terrible disasters (in which everything is destroyed
by wind, fire, rain, also called Pralay). On Dasvi – it is called Dhoop
Dasam; people go to temple and light up Dhoop. (incense). Dhoop describes the
burning of Karmas. Last day of Das Laxana ends on Chaturdarshi (called Anant
Chaturdarshi) with fasting and Pratikraman. Ten Dharma are part of Samvar
(stoppage of incoming Karma), and Nirjara (Annihilation of Karmas). We will use
following sequence from Tattvartha Sutra leading to Das Laxana (Ten Dharma):
Samyaka Darshana Gyana
Charitrani Moksha Marga: Right belief, right knowledge and right conduct are
the path of Moksha.
Belief in Tattva is Samyak Darshana.
JIvajivasravbandhsamvarnirjaramokshasttvam: Jiva, Ajiva, Ashrava
(incoming of Karma), Bandh (Bondage of Karma), Samvar (stoppage of
incoming karma), Nirjara (annihilation of karma), and Moksha (liberation)
are seven Tattvas.
Yoga Sa Ashrva: Karma comes in due to activity of mind, speaking
and doing things.
occurs due to wrong belief, not keeping vow, carelessness, emotions and
yoga (activity of mind, speaking, and doing).
SaGuptisamitidharmanuprekhaparishajaycharitreh: Stoppage of
incoming karma is Samvar and it is done through observance of three
Guptis, five Samitis, Ten Dharma, twelve Anuprekhsa, victory
overtwenty two Parishah, and five Charitra.
UttamKhsamamardavaarjavashochsatyasayyamtaptyagakinchanbramhcharyanhidharma: Forgiveness, no proud,
straightforward, contended, truthful, keeping control, austerity, giving
up, limiting material world, and living with own soul with Samyak Darshana
is following of Ten Dharma.
eating less, keep limit, not eating heavy food, spend time alone, and doing
hard Asana are six out side Tapa (austerity)
sorry for wrong things, respect, helping others, reading scripture, keep
material limitation and meditation are Inner Tapa. Meditations
of two highest and positive qualities are called Dharma Dhyan and Shukla Dhyan.
Dharmapramattsanyatsya: Following Lords and scriptures guidance, teach right
things to people doing wrong things, link results to karma, and keep wider
view is Dharma Dyana ( right meditation – leading to
Heaven and Moksha).
Prithktvvitark, Ekattvavitark, Sukshakriyaprtipaati, and
vyuparatkriyanivrati are four types of Shukla Dyana leading to Moksha
Following the path of Ten Dharmas
thus lead to heaven and Moksha.
Here is how our revered
Acharya guided us
Kunda Kunda, Pujyapad, and Yogindudeva. -
Leave exterior self and turn to Interior and Transcendental
– Follow path attaining right knowledge, right attitude and belief, and right
conduct along with non-attachment.
Umaswati/ Umaswami and Siddhasengani – Concentrate on self, withdrawing the senses and mind from
Umaswami/Umaswati, Subhchandra, and Hemchandra- develop virtues of
Friendship, appreciation, sympathy, and indifference
– Select proper posture, place, regulation of breath. Stay in progressive
mental states of Slista (steady mind) and Suleen (without thought).
– Select proper posture, correct utterance, proper understanding of the
meaning, concentrate on the image of Tirthankar, and abstract attributes.
Subhchandra and Hemchandra - Four levels of meditation for going to higher level of
consciousness are Pindastha
(separating soul from non soul), Padastha
(i.e., Navkaar Mantra Uccharan), Roopastha
(imagine praying to Tirthankars in Samosaran), and Roopateet (Deep meditation of Parmatma).
days of Paryushana,
this higher level of consciousness is achieved by reading of Kalpa Sutra,
pravachana, Navkaar Mantra and Logassa Uccharan, Deep Bhakti, austerity (Tapa)
and learning and staying with our pure soul.
During 10 days of Paryushana ( Das Laxana), this is attained by removing
anger, deceit, ego, and greed from our conduct, be truthful, Keeping
limitations on senses, austerity, giving up worldly things, keep restrictions
on 14 internal and 10 external Parigrah, and staying with soul. By
concentrating on our soul, removing impurities using 12 levels of austerities,
the person can attain the stages of Pindastha, Padastha, Roopastha, and
How do we do
One suggestion - by incorporating Ten
Dharma pravachana every day during
eight days of Paryushana, and by including Kalpa Sutra reading (similar to
1st Anuyoga - consisting of learning about 63 Salaka Purush),
recital of Navkaar Mantra and Logassa
(prayer of 24 Tirthankaras) during10
days ofParyushana. More
better we can do together Paryushana and Das Laxana in 10 days from Friday, and
concluding on Sunday of 2nd week, keeping last as day of Samvatsari
Pratikraman and Alochana Path , Parna and Tapasvi‘s Bahumaan. All can celebrate
Bhagwan’s Birth on 1st Sunday.
Please refer to my article in 2007 JAINA souvenir how many of our brilliant centers (11 of
them) put together creatively the Paryushana/ Das Laxana program using
inclusiveness. Please write to me how your center has advanced Jain Unity
during our pious days and planning to do going forward.
Thank you for your excellent article which spans the core basis of this
festival and how richly it is celebrated in North America.
Here in Jain Center of Greater Boston, we celebrate jointly with pujas
and lectures for all 18 days.Two
scholars are invited – one for the first 8 days and another scholar for the
next 10 days.
The most unique part of our celebration, however, is a joint Pathshala puja done by over 100
kids and their parents and Pathshala staff. All the kids are asked to wear
clean puja clothes.Then together we perform the Astha Prakari
Puja and then Dev, Shastra Guru Puja. Childeren (and their parents who are watching
and at times helping their 5 year old son or daughter) participate hands on in
both the pujas where the explanation are given in English. The Pathshala teachers meticulously teach the
youngsters the finer points of the Pujas. We add a little meditation, a lecture from the
visiting scholar, as well as strong audio / visuals through live instrumental
music and computer projection of the puja meanings.The message that our youngsters get is that Digambar
and Swetambar idols and the respective pujas and all 18 days are both part of
our JAIN rituals and practices and we respect all views.
Attached are some photos of this touching and wonderful event. If any center would like to get the slides and
handouts for this, please feel free to contact us.
From: Nirmal Dosi [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] Sent: Tuesday, September 09, 2008 11:47 PM To: email@example.com Subject: Micchami Dukkadham and Uttam Khsama[ Paryushana and Das Laxana
Thanks for your help during the year.
Micchami Dukkadham and Uttam Ksama.
1. Please let me know your schedule
for Paryushana /Das Laxana for this year and next two years.
2. Enclosing article for your use
and information regarding Paryushana/ Das Laxana parva: